Stone Care and Maintenance

Natural stone can be classified into two general categories according to its composition: siliceous stone or calcareous stone. Knowing the difference is critical when selecting cleaning products. Siliceous stone is composed mainly of silica or quartz-like particles. It tends to be very durable and relatively easy to clean with mild acidic cleaning solutions. Types of siliceous stone include: granite, slate, sandstone, quartzite, brownstone, and bluestone. Calcareous stone is composed mainly of calcium carbonate. It is sensitive to acidic cleaning products and frequently requires different cleaning procedures than siliceous stone. Types of calcareous stone include: marble, travertine, limestone, and onyx. What may work on siliceous stone may not be suitable on calcareous surfaces.

Care and Precautions Countertops 

General guidelines for both siliceous and calcareous stones: Use coasters under all glasses, particularly those containing alcohol or citrus juices. Do not place hot items right off a stove or out of an oven directly on the stone surface. Use trivets or mats under hot dishes and placemats under china, ceramics, silver, or other objects that can scratch the surface. For calcareous stones, many common foods and drinks contain acids that will etch or dull the stone surface.

Cleaning Do’s and Don’ts 

When discussing care and cleaning procedures with your maintenance staff, there are recommended do’s and don’ts that should always be followed: 

Do clean surfaces with mild detergent or stone soap. 

Do thoroughly rinse and dry the surface with clean, clear water after washing. 

Do blot up spills immediately. 

Don’t use vinegar, lemon juice, or other cleaners containing acids on marble, limestone, travertine, or onyx surfaces. 

Don’t use cleaners that contain acid such as bathroom cleaners, grout cleaners, or tub & tile cleaners. 

Don’t use abrasive cleaners such as dry cleansers or soft cleansers. 

Don’t mix bleach and ammonia; this combination creates a toxic and lethal gas. 

Don’t ever mix chemicals together unless directions specifically instruct you to do so. 


Can I cut on Granite?  

Yes you can cut on granite but it will dull your knives.


Can Granite scratch?  Granite is one of the hardest stones available.  

It is extremely difficult to scratch, but it is not a diamond.


Can Granite Chip?

Granite will not chip under normal use, although a heavy object hitting a square countertop edge could chip out a small piece. Should this occur, the chip can be filled.


Can Granite Crack?  

Granite does not crack under ordinary use.  Granite is most susceptible to cracks during shipping, fabrication and installation. Granite will not flex like laminate and solid surface tops.  Do not stand on or next to the sink, cooktop
cutouts, or unsupported overhangs - too much stress or weight may cause the stone to crack.


Does Granite Stain?  

Generally Granite does not stain.  All stone is porous to some extent, but granite has very little porosity.  A few colors may absorb more moisture with prolonged contact, which may cause stone to appear darker.  Usually, no evidence remains when the liquid is removed and the stone dries.  The granite is sealed prior to or during installation to help prevent staining.  The sealing process does not make the stone impervious to liquid.  We can provide more information and products regarding the care and cleaning of granite.


Will my Granite look like the sample?  

Samples are not true representations of the entire slab.  You can select your actual slab at our warehouse or the suppliers and it
will be shipped to us for fabrication.  It should be noted that portions of the slab may vary in color and texture, this is part of the stone's inherent beauty. Our goal is to match the seams and layout to provide the best possible finished product.


Will seams show?  

Seam visibility will vary depending on stone coloration.  Granite with sweeping color movements will have more visible seams. Stone slabs are usually no larger than 105" X 66" which makes seams inevitable.  In addition stone thickness may vary, which can result in a seam that is not perfectly flat.  Our goal is to minimize seams, maximize use of material, and create a beautiful product. 


How are Seams made?  

Seams are made using epoxy. Epoxy will holds up extremely well and is colored by our craftsmen to provide the best possible match.  Epoxy does not flex.  When new homes settle, their is a slight possibility that the epoxy may crack. Should this happen the seams can be easily repaired.


How do I care for Granite?  

A mild neutral detergent like dish soap is fine for cleaning granite.  Avoid acidic, harsh antibacterial detergents, citrus cleaners and bleach on your granite.  These cleaners can etch the finish and dull the stone over time. Wipe up spills as they occur. Sealing every 6 months and periodically using a good commercial cleaner / polish made specifically for granite is a good practice.